Posted by Denis Ware on

Major Canadian time zones

Major Canadian time zones

Canada is one of the most diverse nations of the world. It is all because of the fact that the boundaries of the country are stretched thousands of miles across that foster cultural harmony. There are 24 time zones in the world out of which 6 are observed in Canada alone. It means that when you are in the country then you need to adjust your clocks accordingly. There are some facts about the Canadian time zone that will blow your mind. It is important to note that all these facts are related to the diverse time zones which are implemented in Canada. There is an important fact about daylight saving. It was introduced by George Hudson in 1895. He wanted to study the insects and wanted to make use of daylight to do so. It was legalized by the parliament in 1915.

Daylight saving

For the daylight saving time, the clocks are to be forwarded an hour ahead and it is not uniform all over Canada. It means that the clocks are forwarded during the different months of the year. Whatever the case is it is important to note that the daylight time is saved. Some people and even organizations are against the act. Such people are of the view that it disrupts sleep and can lead to issues in everyday life. They are also of the view that it is just a waste of time and serves no purpose. There are many studies which show that the daylight saving does not fulfill the purpose for which it was practiced. The studies which are conducted by the University of Toronto in 2008 clearly show that it is just useless.

Newfoundland and Labrador time

This fact comprises of two parts. The Newfoundland keeps time by subtracting 3.5 hours from the coordinated universal time. For daylight saving the Newfoundland subtracts about 2.5 hours from the UTC during the daylight saving time. It is interesting to note that there is only one province of Newfoundland and Labrador in this zone. Labrador is not on Newfoundland time at all. The Newfoundland Island, southeastern Labrador till the Black Tickle Island follows this time zone. The rest of Labrador observes the Atlantic Time zone as rest of Canada does.

Why is Newfoundland and Labrador time unique?

There is another interesting fact that is related to this time zone. When the time zones of Canada were being established Newfoundland and Labrador was a separate entity and did not confederate at all. During that time it had to establish its own time zone which was not at all disturbed once the province confederated. This is also due to the fact that the time zone which is established here suits the needs of the people. There was an experiment in 1988 where double daylight saving was done by moving the clocks 2 hours back. It forced the people to get up from the offices in the dark. The latter part of the province did not observe the double daylight saving and eventually the whole province switched back.

Posted by Darnell Padmore on

Gambling history in Canada: brief overview

Gambling history in Canada: brief overview

Gambling in Canada predates the famous John Cabot voyage to the region. It is quoted by various historians that the game was very popular among the natives of the region before John arrived. The games which Canadian casinos offer are a variety of European and American standards. The fact is that the Canadian natives used sticks in place of cards to ensure that the game moves on. This is very long before the first deck of cards was designed. The Klondike Gold Rush saw the Americans putting efforts to transform the Canadian gambling industry. The modern casino games were developed and the gamblers were lured in by promising returns. The Faro was the first variation which was played by the Canadian gamblers before the regular gaming was introduced. The oldest trace of Faro can be found in 1400 which means that the regional gambling at that time was on high.

The first law

The Canadian law followed the English one in the 1800s and therefore it is important to note that there was an impact on casino industry as well. The betters were strictly prohibited to take all earnings home. The law stated that the loser gets a portion of its share back so that he/she gets another chance. If this was not the case then a portion of winning amount should go to charitable institutes. Fairs at that time were held throughout the region. The law also permitted some games on such occasions. The only difference was that the winnings from these events were not donated. Instead, such winnings were used to reform land and agriculture and it was also incumbent upon the players. Well, two hundred years has passed and United Kingdom still influence on a Canada and world gambling. Will see if Canadian authorities will do something new about online casinos revenue at a time when UK government says to ban credit cards for online gambling.

1970 changes

This can be regarded as opening the doors of casinos for Canadians. The best part of this law was the autonomy that was given to the provinces. This allowed the territories to regulate the game and grant licenses on their own. Though there were some issues in this regard the fact of the matter is that the law swept the entire English Common that was implemented before. Major changes were made and the people were also happy to see the game thriving. Such changes have an instantaneous effect and the world saw one of the largest casino industries being established.

First commercial casino

The law was not followed by the provinces until 1989. The first commercial casino was established in the region of Winnipeg. Montreal was the second province to follow the law and a casino was established there in 1989. Video lottery was introduced as a result and the traditional slot machines were almost abolished. These terminals provided the betters with receipt to get it redeemed in form of cash from the main counters.

Present era

The gambling is a social game which is discussed openly in Canada. It is all because of the tolerance of the state towards the outcomes. It is no longer an undesirable activity and therefore a multibillion-dollar industry. The future is bright and it is important to note that several reforms to make gambling a lucrative business are coming to the casinos of Canada.

Posted by Douglas Stern on

List of famous Canadian premiers

List of famous Canadian premiers

The three parts which constitute the Canadian Parliament are the Monarch, Upper House that is known as Senate and the Lower House known as House of Commons. The most important of all 3 is the House of Commons that are not only in majority but are also rarely opposed by the other 2 parts of the parliamentary system. The Parliamentary system of Canada ensures that the well-being of the country is taken into consideration and such rules and laws are passed that take Canada forward. The rules and regulation which govern the parliament are strict and it is all to keep things under control. The most important part of the parliament is the premier or Prime Minister of Canada. The post is responsible for all lawmaking matters and must be consulted by the governors for the appointment of senators.

1. John Sparrow David Thompson

He was the 4th Premier of Canada. Before serving the main office he was appointed as a premier of Nova Scotia a post he held for a very short period of time. He was also the Attorney General of Canada a position he retained simultaneously. He is one of the youngest premiers of the state. He was fond of thepaper collection which was donated to the press by his son after his death. Two years into the office John Sparrow suffered a fatal heart attack on December 12, 1894, and died in England. He is one of the three premiers of Canada that have not died in the country.

2. Robert Borden

Leading Canada during WWI was not an easy task to perform and it was Robert Borden that ensured that the nation does not suffer the hardest time humanity has ever seen. He was a very hardworking man and retained the office from 1911 – 1920. He was born in Nova Scotia and before entering politics he was a lawyer by profession. Charles Tupper was the leader of the conservatives before Robert took over the position in 1901. This paved a way for him to become the Canadian premiere in 1911 General Elections. He died on 10th June 1937 age 82 in Ottawa.

3. Justin Trudeau

He is the 23rd premier of Canada currently in office representing the liberals. He assumed the post in 2015 after liberals won by amajority. He is also the second youngest prime minister of Canada. From infrastructure to climate change and from abortion to marijuana there are many laws that have been passed in his regime to make sure that Canada becomes stronger than ever. He is though criticized for some of his decisions but overall he is considered to be one of the most successful people that have ever retained the post.

4. Joe Clark

He is the youngest person to ever assume the office of Prime Minister of Canada. As ajournalist he gained widespread recognition in the 70s. His charismatic personality also made things easy for him and Joe Clark was elected to be the 16th Prime Minister of Canada on June 4, 1979. The end was not good was his party lost in 1980 and he gave up the party leadership in 1983.

Posted by Ingram Jefferson on

How can everyone get to know Canadian history and geography

How can everyone get to know Canadian history and geography

Learning history is fun and it is all because of the fact that it is the only way of understanding what our predecessors were. The working of people and classes in different sections of society is unraveled by this subject. Canada is one of the very few countries of the world that have very diverse history and therefore it is important that the subject of reference is completely studied. There are many resources which can be used by everyone to ensure that the particular section of history is studied completely. There are many online as well as offline resources which can be used to get the work done completely. Online resources are easy to access and therefore they are highly recommended. Every section of the modern society of Canada can make use of the resources as they are not limited to any particular class. Students, teachers, history lovers and writers can all take full advantage of the resources. The resources used for learning Canadian Geography can also be accessed online. The effect and result of visiting the online geographical resources are same as history. It fulfills the purpose of gaining knowledge.

Active History

The current events happening and how they are connected to the present ones is one of the most important sections of history. The Active History Canada is an organization that ensures that all important events of the current Canadian society are linked to the past. For this purpose, the network has a huge number of historians which make sure that the public is connected with. The organization maintains archives and the documents that are of national importance. It is a great place for everyone to learn about the Canadian history.

Library and Archives Canada

It is another resource that is very important and ensures that the history is dug as deep as 140 years. It is a resourceful organization that is completely maintained by the Canadian government and the resources can be requested by anyone. There are over 20 million books in different languages that can be obtained from the archive. It is a major source of study for the history students and professors. Both students and teachers can get maximum advantage from the archives and these are highly suitable for everyone.

Canadian Geographic

One of the causes of Canada’s visit by an astonishing number of tourists is its geography. Before moving forward with your Canadian trip it is advised to visit the subjected site. It will provide insightful knowledge that will lead to the best and the most advanced results. Canadian Geographics has been managed beautifully. Whether you are a student or a teacher you will get complete information about the Canadian geography.

Natural Resources Canada

Natural Resources Canada is another important and state of the art website that explains the geographical importance of Canada in a very interactive manner. It means that the visitors to the site quickly understand what the region has to offer. It is a complete roadmap to your trip to Canada and hence highly recommended to all.

Posted by Denis Ware on

Canadian demographics and population facts

Canadian demographics and population facts

With 35 million people Canada is one of the least populated countries in the world despite the fact that it has 4th largest land mass. Canada is a dream destination for many families and individuals from all over the world. It is because the density is low and therefore the growth opportunities are high. The resources are in abundance which contributes towards the success of the people of the country. Canada is ranked as 38th largest nation with respect to population and it comprises 0.5% population of the world and also ranked as the most reputable country in the world.

Most and least populated provinces

The Ontario is the most populated province in the country. Around 38% of Canada’s total population resides in this province. Ontario has a total population of 13 million and the land mass of this province is second largest in the country. The density per square km is 12.49 people.

The least populated province, of the country is Yukon which has rich history and total population of 36,000. The total population of Yukon comprises 0.1% of national population. The density per square km of the population of the province is 0.08 which is astonishing. With only 1 house of common seats, this province has the least representation in the Canadian parliament.

Largest municipal areas of the country

Toronto is the largest municipal area with a population of 2.6 million followed by Montreal which has a total population of 1.6 million. Calgary is the third largest city in the country and has a population of about 1 million. The top 25 cities and the related population of Canada are:

City Population
Toronto 2,576,025
Montreal 1,612,640
Calgary 1,082,235
Ottawa 867,090
Edmonton 795,675
Mississauga 708,725
Winnipeg 649,995
Vancouver 590,210
Brampton 521,315
Hamilton 509,640
Quebec City 502,595
Surrey 463,340
Laval 392,725
Halifax 384,330
London 360,715
Markham 300,135
Vaughan 286,305
Gatineau 261,665
Longueil 227,970
Burnaby 220,255
Saskatoon 218,315
Kitchener 215,950
Windsor 208,015
Regina 189,740
Richmond 189,305

Growth rate

The growth rate of Canadians is slowest among the other nations of the world. From 1990 to 2008 the total growth rate recorded is only 20.4%. The world growth rate for the same period of time was 27%. Some countries have surpassed the growth rate of Canadian population since 2016 population and some countries have fallen back. It is estimated that if the growth rate remains consistent at 20% then by 2021 the total population of Canada would be close to 39 million. Another important reason for Canadian slow population growth is the fact that the birth rate is decreasing whereas the death rate is soaring as compared.

Some facts about Canadian population

  1. The Canadians are growing old. It has been estimated that from 1956 to 2006 the average age of the country increased from 27 to 38 years.
  2. The steady rate of life increase is also one of the factors that contribute to low growth rate. The fertility of Canadian women is consistently decreasing.
  3. The long life expectancy is also leading to the decreased workforce in the country which means that the country is relying more and more on tech advancements.
  4. The immigrants are playing a significant role in population increase. The immigrant figures have increased from 3.9 million to 6.2 million.